Renal colic is an acute pain attack, considered one of the most severe, intense, and pronounced. The resulting pain syndrome is impossible to endure, so in some cases a person may be in a state of shock.
You also need to understand that renal colic
is not a disease, but rather one of the main symptoms of a health-hazardous condition. Such a pain syndrome is a consequence of a disruption of the outflow of urine and, in most cases, indicates that a person has urolithiasis, or more precisely, that the movement (passage) of stones from the kidney into the ureter has begun.
How does renal colic occur? Sooner or later, the existing stone begins to move towards the ureters. Here it becomes a hindrance to the natural outflow of urine. Because of this, the kidney swells as the (intrarenal) pressure rises. Also, urine pressure leads to swelling. And since a slight possibility of stretching distinguishes the nerve receptors around the kidney, the person suffers from a severe pain attack.
According to various sources, renal colic occurs at least once in a lifetime in 1 - 12% of the world's population. More often, the problem occurs in men. Not only do urolithiasis and the passing of kidney stones can cause the corresponding pain syndrome. In approximately 13% of cases, they can be caused by other pathologies of the kidneys and urinary tract, namely:
• dropsy of the kidney (hydronephrosis)
• congenital anomalies of the urinary tract structure (vassal conflict)
• Ormond's disease (retroperitoneal fibrosis).
In these cases, the lumen closure of the urinary tract also takes place, but not with stones, but with blood clots, mucus, pus, etc.
Renal colic is considered one of the most severe pain syndromes. It requires urgent care and treatment. Unfortunately, a person cannot find a place for himself, he is looking for a position in which the pain will not be so pronounced, but relief does not come. It is this behavior and the patient's complaints that often allow doctors to suggest colic even without examination, and so to speak "at a distance."
The onset of a severe lower back pain is often spontaneous. It can occur after shaking, driving, drinking alcohol, or simply drinking heavily.
Additional symptoms of renal colics include the following:
• other localization of pain. Pain can radiate to the groin, genitals, including the scrotum in men or the vagina in women
• increased pain when urinating
• staining of urine in pink and sometimes pronounced red. This pain occurs when the stone damages the cavity of the kidney or the walls of the ureter
• false urge to urinate and defecate
• a slight rise in body temperature (usually not higher than 37.5 degrees Celsius)
• slowing down the pulse
• pressure increase.
The pain does not go away from several hours to several days, and another attack may follow a short-term relief.